Since the discovery of Cuba by the Spanish, the history of that island had already begun, as several aboriginal communities inhabited the area. Later came the stage of colonization, the mambisa struggles, the North American intervention, the struggle in the plains and the mountains, the revolutionary triumph and the future of the socialist nation. All these periods with their characteristics and leading characters are reflected in the different museums that the country has throughout the entire national territory. The story goes that the first sites of this type were in the provinces of Havana, Matanzas, Villa Clara, Camagüey and Santiago de Cuba. After 1959, an extensive cultural program of restoration, conservation and expansion of the collections of the existing museums began and others were created throughout the island.
In 1989, it was decided that an institution of this type would open its doors in each municipality of the country to preserve and share the history and traditions of the communities. For those who love to know the past of the men and women of each region, in Cuba you can also find museums specialized in different themes that will be an incomparable adventure towards the paths of knowledge and history. If you want to see a site that offers specialized details about art, perfumes, automobiles, rum, popular festivals, pharmacy, firefighters or numismatics in the Greater Antilles, you can find it converted into museums.
Cuba is a country with a rich history full of struggle and sacrifices to achieve the independence that they have until today. The first inhabitants of that nation were the aborigines of different groups and with their distinctive characteristics. With the conquest and colonization by the Spanish there were clashes with these inhabitants and then they introduced several African slaves who also rebelled at certain times. In 1868, landowner Carlos Manuel de Céspedes decided to start the first fight for independence, historically known as the Ten Years’ War. This contest failed due to different factors but others followed in later years. In 1898 the Americans intervened in the war and three years later they established the Neocolonial Republic.
Then came other important moments to continue the fight for independence. The younger generations began to confront the owners of power at that time and carried out various armed actions in the cities and the countryside. They created the July 26 Movement, assaulted the Moncada Barracks, entered the Sierra Maestra until they triumphed on January 1, 1959. In the years ahead, the Revolution and its leader Fidel Castro carried out various programs and projects for the benefit of the population. . Currently they have developed in education, culture, science, health, agriculture, construction, tourism and other spheres of the economic and social life of the island.
Much of the history, customs, ways of life and problems that surround Cubans are reflected in the island’s cinema from its beginnings to the present. They say that the first cinematographer arrived on the island in 1897 in the hands of Gabriel Veyre and in that same year the first Cuban documentary titled Fire drill and dedicated to firefighters was made. The first film materials from Cuba had a marked patriotic and nationalist influence. The first works were not of great quality but they were laying the foundations of cinematographic art in the Greater Antilles. From then on, other materials were made that transcended as part of the history of art on the island and some with international recognition.
With the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, the Cuban Institute of Art and Film Industry ICAIC was created to promote this art in the country. Many Cuban films have had international awards and there are currently several events and festivals to share among film lovers and reward the most outstanding. Every year producers, actors and the public meet in different provinces and dates to enjoy the best and most current of the big screen on the Caribbean island and the rest of the world.