Table of Contents
The History of Cuban Sport after 1959
At the time of the revolutionary triumph on January 1st, 1959 only 800 physical education teachers existed in Cuba. With the subsequently emigration of professionals to the United States, this figure shrank significantly. To counter this situation, the new government issued emergency measures to promote the sport on the island. We can say that the Cuban sport after 1959 burst with the founding of the National Institute of Sports, Physical Education and Recreation (INDER by the Spanish acronyms), on February 23rd, 1961. This organism served since its creation as the main responsible for planning, directing and executing the programs of the various sporting activities throughout the country and in the international arena. Under Marti’s precept of non-commercialization of sport the removal of professionalism was held in 1962. “The right of the people to practice sport” is disclosed as the slogan that would lead the Cuban sports movement, which also constitutes in principle of the Revolution. Thus, vital importance was offered to the training and improvement of professional sports and the Schools of Physical Education (ESEF by its Spanish acronyms) were created for this purpose.
The Organizational Pillars of the Cuban Sport after 1959
Cuban sport after 1959 has the following objectives: improving the system of sports participation, deepening in technical and organizational aspects – closely related to the achievement of a higher quality of services to be provided to the population – and the use of each of the sports facilities. To achieve successful development of these objectives the INDER is needed as the governing body of the sport in Cuba. His professional work extends to institutions of high performance sport, with particular attention to all types of athletes and professional sports and in order to achieve better education of the population. Also, it is linked to the production of sports equipment, investment in the areas and sports facilities and sports research.
Cuban Sport after 1959 in the Current Days
Currently the Cuban sport after 1959 is in very good health and is undoubtedly one of the most recognized at regional and international levels. We can see this reflected not only in the results achieved in each of the competitions, but also through the support offered by the Greater Antilles in sports development of countries like Venezuela, Bolivia and Brazil. Cuban sports cooperation, with more than seven thousand technicians, teachers and coaches, is present in three continents of our planet and more than fifty poorest countries. You can also highlight the role of the International School of Physical Education and Sports (EIEFD by its Spanish acronyms), which has an enrollment of 1300 students from seventy-one developing countries.