Discover what the Cuban coat of arms is like and what it symbolizes.
The National Shield of Cuba or Shield of the Royal Palm is one of the three national symbols of the country.
Initially it had another design that is not the same as today, but that was eliminated shortly after because it had some annexationist elements in its design.
The one currently used on the island was adopted by the Republic of Cuba in Arms during the Constituent Assembly of Guáimaro in 1869 and ratified by subsequent Cuban constitutions.
Main characteristics and meaning of the coat of arms of Cuba.
The coat of arms of Cuba has the shape of an ogival shield formed by two arcs of equal circles that intersect by turning the concavity into each other, divided into three bodies, spaces or quarters.
The upper horizontal body represents a sea with two capes, mountains or land points on its sides: Yucatán and La Florida, which protrude forming a strait, in front of which is a key with a rising sun behind it that means Cuba with its good situation location that places it as the key to the Gulf of Mexico.
The lower right space has five bands of equal width, alternating turquoise blue and white and all sloping from left to right, which are associated with the flag.
These white and blue stripes signify the division by regions during the colonial era: East, Center and West, and the strength and purity of the Cuban independence ideal.
In the lower left space appears a green, flat and mountainous landscape, in a blue sky, which symbolizes the most natural Cuban environment.
In that landscape there is a Royal Palm, which is the national tree of Cuba, this plant has the button of its central leaf at the top, an emblem of the indomitable character of the people.
In the design, a red Phrygian cap appears at the top, this color has a similar meaning to the triangle of the Cuban flag as a sign of the blood spilled on the island in its fight for freedom.
In the center it has a white star facing upwards as a symbol of independence and sovereignty.
The Cuban coat of arms is supported by a bundle of eleven rods, joined by a red ribbon crossed in an X (X) that means the union of all Cubans, which is its greatest strength.
Without exceeding the height of the shield, a branch of laurel and another of oak are placed to its left and right, respectively. The first represents strength and the second victory.